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Main Types of Weight Loss Operations

Restrictive, malabsorptive weight loss surgeries to treat obesity
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Types of Weight Loss Surgery

There are 2 basic types of bariatric weight loss surgeries: restriction procedures and malabsorption procedures.

Restrictive Operations

These procedures only reduce the size of the stomach - either by using a gastric band (lapband®), or staples, or both. They do not interfere with the normal process of digestion. Restrictive operations for obesity include: Adjustable Gastric Banding (AGB) and Vertical Banded Gastroplasty (VBG). After surgery, patients typically can eat only 3/4 to 1 cup of food without discomfort or nausea, thus food-intake is reduced. However, restrictive surgery is not always successful, as the stomach - although restricted in size - may be stretched, through over-eating, and weight loss may stop.

Malabsorptive Operations

These procedures reduce the size of the stomach AND also bypass the duodenum (the first segment of the small intestine), and sometimes the whole of the jejunum (the mid-section).

Malabsorptive procedures to reduce weight include:
Roux-en-Y, Fobi Pouch and the more complex bypass Biliopancreatic Diversion and Duodenal Switch. Malabsorptive bypass surgery is more successful in causing weight loss than restrictive surgeries, but leads to nutritional deficiencies due to a reduction in the amount of vitamins and minerals being absorbed, as well as calories. This necessitates the long-term use of nutritional supplements. See: Restriction vs. Malabsorption

Post-Operative Bariatric Surgery

Patients who undergo bariatrics like gastric banding or gastric bypass frequently lose significant amounts of weight as a result of reduced calorie intake. Such weight loss may lead to an excess of skin, and localized fat residues. These symptoms can be successfully treated by a range of bariatric plastic surgery operations, like Tummy Tuck, Mini-Tummy Tuck, Panniculectomy Procedure, Belt Lipectomy, Body Lift, Thigh Lift, Suction Lipectomy (Liposuction).

For more, see Plastic Surgery After Weight Loss

More Information About Bariatric Surgeries

For additional information and advice about how gastric surgery can reduce obesity, plus help finding a board certified qualified weight loss surgeon, see:
American Society of Bariatric Physicians (ASBP)
American Society for Bariatric Surgery (ASBS)

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BARIATRIC & GASTRIC SURGERY INFORMATION

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Laparoscopic or open bariatric surgery, such as gastric banding or bypass is not an easy solution to morbid obesity and weight loss. It is a serious surgical procedure, involving health risks. To produce lasting weight loss it requires a long-term patient commitment to eating a healthy diet and following a regular program of physical exercise. Life-long use of nutritional supplements may also be necessary. So, before deciding, discuss your options fully with your doctor. © 2003-2017 Bariatric-Surgery.Info - Terms - Contact - Information - Resources