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Effect of Psychosocial Factors on Weight Loss After Bariatric Surgery
Psychiatric Treatment or Substance Abuse Counseling May Not be a contraindication to Obesity Surgery
Effect of Psychosocial Factors on Weight Loss After Bariatric Surgery
How psychosocial factors may impact on weight loss after bariatric surgery is not well understood. This lack of knowledge is problematic, because there is a high prevalence of psychosocial distress in patients seeking treatment for obesity in hospital-based programs. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between preoperative psychosocial factors and eventual weight loss.
Between 1987 and 1998, all individuals undergoing Roux-en-Y gastric bypass for weight loss in our institution had psychologic preoperative evaluations. Patients who were followed prospectively were studied. The relation of having received mental health treatment to percentage of excess weight loss at 2 years is examined using t-tests.
62 women and 18 men completed a 2-year follow-up. Patients who had received treatment for either substance abuse (n=10) or psychiatric co-morbidity (n=39) lost more weight compared with those without such histories.
Given these results, it is plausible that a history of having received either psychiatric treatment for a disorder or counseling for substance abuse should not be a contraindication to bariatric surgery, and, in fact, may be prognostic of favorable outcome. Further research examining psychosocial factors and outcome from bariatric surgery is clearly warranted.
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Laparoscopic or open bariatric surgery, such as gastric banding or bypass is not an easy solution to morbid obesity and weight loss. It is a serious surgical procedure, involving health risks. To produce lasting weight loss it requires a long-term patient commitment to eating a healthy diet and following a regular program of physical exercise. Life-long use of nutritional supplements may also be necessary. So, before deciding, discuss your options fully with your doctor. © 2003-2017 Bariatric-Surgery.Info - Terms - Contact - Information - Resources