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Predicting Weight Loss After Gastric Surgery for Severe Obesity

Effect of Surgically Induced Weight Loss on Body Composition

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Predicting Weight Loss After Gastric Surgery for Morbid Obesity

Following gastric restrictive surgery, morbidly obese patients rarely achieve their ideal body weight defined by Metropolitan Life tables. The final body weight will depend on the initial body composition because there will be greater weight loss from fat than lean body mass. The purpose of this study was to develop a mathematical model that accurately estimates the rate and extent of weight loss following gastric bypass surgery.

Method

Patients underwent gastric bypass followed by intensive medical therapy and serial bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) body composition measurements. Differential equations were derived to model weight loss.

Results

Weight loss in the fat and lean body compartments followed monoexponential decay kinetics with differing rate constants. Total body weight loss (W(T)) at time t was W(T) = k(f)(k(f) - k(l)) (W(f(o))e(-k(f)t) + W(l(o))e(-k(l)t)), where W(fo) and W(lo) are the initial fat and lean body masses determined by BIA and k(f) and k(l) are the rate constants for the fat and lean compartments, respectively. Following surgically induced weight loss, k(f) = 7.61 +/- 1.27 x 10(-2), and k(l) = -0.93 +/- 0.13 x 10(-2), with the ratio of residual sum of the squares to the total sum of the squares of 98.8%.

Conclusion

Accurate prediction of weight loss depends on the initial fat and lean compartment mass since each of these loses weight at a different rate and to a different extent. When these effects are accounted for, the total body weight loss can be accurately predicted for any given time following surgery.

Source:
Livingston EH, Sebastian JL, Huerta S, Yip I, Heber D. Department of Surgery, VA Greater Los Angeles Health Care System, Los Angeles, California 90073, USA. 2001

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Laparoscopic or open bariatric surgery, such as gastric banding or bypass is not an easy solution to morbid obesity and weight loss. It is a serious surgical procedure, involving health risks. To produce lasting weight loss it requires a long-term patient commitment to eating a healthy diet and following a regular program of physical exercise. Life-long use of nutritional supplements may also be necessary. So, before deciding, discuss your options fully with your doctor. © 2003-2017 Bariatric-Surgery.Info - Terms - Contact - Information - Resources