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Severe Orthostatic Hypotension Following Weight Loss Surgery

Rapid Weight Loss After Obesity Surgery May Impair Sympathetic Function and Blood Pressure Control

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Severe Orthostatic Hypotension Following Weight Loss Surgery

Surgical interventions for morbid obesity are common practice in many countries, especially when other treatment options have failed or when rapid weight loss is desired. The association between weight and blood pressure is well established, especially the paradigm of obesity-related hypertension.

Severe Orthostatic Hypotension

We describe a 45-year-old obese woman with a medical history of hypertension and type 2 diabetes mellitus who lost 57 kg within a few months after a weight reduction surgery. She suffered from severe orthostatic hypotension, which probably resulted from sympathetic nervous system dysfunction.

Surgical Operation

Our patient's clinical status improved with pharmacological interventions, but her symptoms resolved completely after she gained weight following a surgical reversal of the gastric partitioning owing to a local complication. Autonomic nervous system activity does change with the changes in body weight, but after evaluation of this patient, we believe that rapid weight loss may impair sympathetic function and blood pressure control. Although losing weight is a known treatment option for hypertension, exaggerated reversal of obesity-related hypertension might result in orthostatic hypotension.

Source:
Rubinshtein R, Ciubotaru M, Elad H, Bitterman H. Department of Internal Medicine A, Carmel Medical Center, 7 Michal St, Haifa 34362, Israel. 2001

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Laparoscopic or open bariatric surgery, such as gastric banding or bypass is not an easy solution to morbid obesity and weight loss. It is a serious surgical procedure, involving health risks. To produce lasting weight loss it requires a long-term patient commitment to eating a healthy diet and following a regular program of physical exercise. Life-long use of nutritional supplements may also be necessary. So, before deciding, discuss your options fully with your doctor. © 2003-2017 Bariatric-Surgery.Info - Terms - Contact - Information - Resources