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Laparoscopic Vertical Banded Gastroplasty, Weight Loss & Health Effects
Review of Laparoscope-Assisted Vertical Band Gastroplasty
Laparoscopic Vertical Banded Gastroplasty: Weight Loss and Health Effects
The advantages of treating morbidly obese patients via the laparoscopic approach have been demonstrated, in particular, for adjustable silicone gastric banding, but this operation is associated with a high rate of late complications. Gastric bypass and malabsorbitive procedures are feasible via the laparoscopic approach, but they entail a prolonged operating time and a consistently high morbidity rate. Laparoscopic vertical banded gastroplasty represents an effective alternative.
We performed 250 consecutive Laparoscopic vertical banded gastroplasty between November 1995 and February 2000. The procedure consisted of a personal technique designed to reproduce, by laparoscopy, MacLean's modification of the standard open Mason vertical-banded gastroplasty, with a calibrated transgastric window, a complete division between the staple lines, and a 5-cm-circumference polypropylene collar.
The operative time was 95 min and the conversion rate was 0.8%. Operative mortality was nil; early and late complications, respectively, were 4.4% and 4%; the reoperation rate was 2%. Global results at 4 years were as follows: excess weight loss (EWL) 61%, success rate (excess weight <50%) 76.9%, body mass index (BMI) 29.4 kg/m2. In morbidly obese patients, the EWL at 4 years was 62.2%, with a 77.4% success rate and a 28.4 kg/m2 BMI; in superobese patients, the EWL at 4 years was 54.9% with a 50% success rate and a 35.5 kg/m2 BMI. The overall follow-up rate was 92%.
Laparoscopic vertical banded gastroplasty is an effective and safe operation in morbidly obese patients, providing good weight loss with a low morbidity rate, no mortality, and minimum discomfort. However, in superobese patients, the weight loss results are disappointing; in these patients, LVBG is questionable and more complex procedures should be considered.
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Laparoscopic or open bariatric surgery, such as gastric banding or bypass is not an easy solution to morbid obesity and weight loss. It is a serious surgical procedure, involving health risks. To produce lasting weight loss it requires a long-term patient commitment to eating a healthy diet and following a regular program of physical exercise. Life-long use of nutritional supplements may also be necessary. So, before deciding, discuss your options fully with your doctor. © 2003-2017 Bariatric-Surgery.Info - Terms - Contact - Information - Resources