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Laparoscopic Banding Surgical Technique and Health Complications

Review of Patient Outcomes After Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Banding (LAGB)

Bariatric Surgery - Bariatric Research Studies

Laparoscopic Banding Surgical Technique and Health Complications

Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) with the Lap-Band has been our first choice operation for morbid obesity since September 1993. Results in terms of complications and weight loss are analyzed.

Method

830 consecutive patients (F 77.9%) underwent LAGB. Initial body weight was 127.9 +/- SD 23.9 kg, and body mass index (BMI) was 46.4 +/- 7.2 kg/m2. Mean age was 37.9 (15-65). Steps in LAGB were: 1) establishment of reference points for dissection (equator of the balloon inflated with 25 cc air and left crus); 2) creation of a retrogastric tunnel above the bursa omentalis; 3) creation of "virtual" pouch; 4) embedding the band.

Result

Mortality was 0, conversion 2.7%, and follow-up 97%. Major complications requiring reoperation developed in 3.9% (36 patients). Early complications were 1 gastric perforation (requiring band removal) and 1 gastric slippage (requiring repositioning). Late complications included 17 stomach slippages (treated by band repositioning in 12 and band removal in 5), 9 malpositions (all treated by band repositioning), 4 gastric erosions by the band (all treated by band removal), 3 psychological intolerance (requiring band removal), and 1 HIV positive (band removed). A minor complication requiring reoperation in 91 patients (11%) was reservoir leakage. 20% of patients who had % excess weight loss < 30 had lost compliance to dietetic, psychological and surgical advice. BMI declined significantly from the initial 46.4 +/- 7.2 to 37.3 +/- 6.8 at 1 year, 36.4 +/- 6.9 at 2 years, 36.8 +/- 7.0 at 3 years, and 36.4 +/- 7.8 at 5 years.

Conclusion

Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding is a relatively safe and effective procedure

Source:
Favretti F, Cadiere GB, Segato G, Himpens J, De Luca M, Busetto L, De Marchi F, Foletto M, Caniato D, Lise M, Enzi G. Obesity Center, University of Padova, Padova, Italy. 2002

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Laparoscopic or open bariatric surgery, such as gastric banding or bypass is not an easy solution to morbid obesity and weight loss. It is a serious surgical procedure, involving health risks. To produce lasting weight loss it requires a long-term patient commitment to eating a healthy diet and following a regular program of physical exercise. Life-long use of nutritional supplements may also be necessary. So, before deciding, discuss your options fully with your doctor. © 2003-2017 Bariatric-Surgery.Info - Terms - Contact - Information - Resources