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Laparoscope-Assisted Vertical Banded Gastroplasty Results

Review of Handport System in Laparoscopic Stomach Gastroplasty

Bariatric Surgery - Bariatric Research Studies

Hand-assisted laparoscopic vertical banded gastroplasty:
technique and analysis of the first 140 cases

The use of laparoscopic surgery to perform bariatric operations offers advantages to morbidly obese patients. Between January 1999 and June 2001, 140 patients underwent hand-assisted laparoscopic VBG using the Handport System.

Method

In the 110 females (78.6%) and 30 males (21.4%), mean age was 38 years (range 19-65), mean body weight 115.8 kg (range 89-200), and mean BMI 41.8. Severe obesity was present in 41%, morbid obesity in 41% and super obesity in 9% of the patients. Comorbid conditions included hyperlipidemia in 70% of patients, arthritis in 44%, hypertension in 38%, COPD in 18%, GERD in 12%, impaired glucose tolerance and diabetes in 10%, sleep-apnea in 5% and coronary heart disease in 1%.

Results

There was no operative mortality. Mean excess weight loss was 60.7% at 12 months and 63% at 18 months. Mean BMI was 30.8 at 12 months and 30.4 at 18 months. A decrease in BMI of 11 kg/m2 was reached at 12 months. According to the Reinhold Classification (residual excess weight < 50%), good to excellent results were achieved in 75.7% at 1 year and in 77.7% at 18 months. Early postoperative complications were 4 wound infections, 3 atelectasis or pneumonia, 1 deep vein thrombosis, 1 subphrenic abscess and 1 wound hematoma. Late postoperative complications were 2 incisional hernias, 2 esophagitis, 1 symptomatic gallstones, 1 staple-line fistula, 9 protracted vomiting and 6 band-related problems.

Conclusion

The short-term results compare favorably with the literature on open vertical banded gastroplasty. Because of the reduction of perioperative risks with the laparoscopic approach, bariatric surgery should be performed laparoscopically if the expertise is available.

Source:
Van De Walle P, Van Outryve L. Multidisciplinary Team for the Treatment of Obesity and Obesity-Related Problems, AZ. Volkskliniek, Gent, Belgium.
National Library of Medicine 2003

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Laparoscopic or open bariatric surgery, such as gastric banding or bypass is not an easy solution to morbid obesity and weight loss. It is a serious surgical procedure, involving health risks. To produce lasting weight loss it requires a long-term patient commitment to eating a healthy diet and following a regular program of physical exercise. Life-long use of nutritional supplements may also be necessary. So, before deciding, discuss your options fully with your doctor. © 2003-2017 Bariatric-Surgery.Info - Terms - Contact - Information - Resources