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Gastrointestinal Quality of Life After Laparoscopic Vertical Banded Gastroplasty

No Improvement in Gastrointestinal QOL After Bariatric Gastroplasty

Bariatric Surgery - Bariatric Research Studies

Gastrointestinal Quality of Life After Laparoscopic Vertical Banded Gastroplasty

Laparoscopic vertical banded gastroplasty (LVBG) is a safe and effective treatment for morbid obesity. Previous studies disclosed a significant improvement in the health-related quality of life after substantial weight loss following VBG. Data regarding the specific gastrointestinal quality of life following LVBG is lacking.

Method

223 patients who underwent laparoscopic vertical banded gastroplasty for morbid obesity were studied prospectively. Quality of life was measured by the Gastrointestinal Quality of life Index (GIQLI), a 36-item questionnaire before surgery, and at 6 months, 1 year and 2 years after surgery. The questionnaire is divided into 5 domains, and the maximum score is 144.

Results

After Laparoscopic vertical banded gastroplasty, weight loss has been good. Mean BMI decreased from 43.2 to 31.3 after 2 years. Co-morbidities were eliminated in 71%. 84.3% of patients were satisfied with the results. However, the score of GIQLI remained similar before and after surgery. Preoperative score was 106.2 +/- 19 points. The score became 116.6 +/- 9, 106.8 +/- 21, and 108.5 +/- 20 at 6 months, 1 year and 2 years after surgery respectively. The patients had improvement in 3 domains of the questionnaire (social function, physical status and psychological emotions) but decreased in domains of core symptoms and disease-specific items.

Conclusion

Although Laparoscopic vertical banded gastroplasty was effective in reduction of weight and resolution of co-morbidities in morbidly obese patients, the specific gastrointestinal quality of life did not improve. Many patients developed some specific gastrointestinal symptoms in order to obtain weight reduction.

Source:
Lee WJ, Yu PJ, Wang W, Lin CM, Wei PL, Huang MT. Department of Surgery and Nursing, En-Chu Kong Hospital, Taiwan.
National Library of Medicine 2003

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Laparoscopic or open bariatric surgery, such as gastric banding or bypass is not an easy solution to morbid obesity and weight loss. It is a serious surgical procedure, involving health risks. To produce lasting weight loss it requires a long-term patient commitment to eating a healthy diet and following a regular program of physical exercise. Life-long use of nutritional supplements may also be necessary. So, before deciding, discuss your options fully with your doctor. © 2003-2017 Bariatric-Surgery.Info - Terms - Contact - Information - Resources