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Laparoscopic Band Repositioning For Pouch Dilatation/Slippage in Gastric Banding

Stomach Pouch Dilatation After Slippage of Gastric Band

Bariatric Surgery - Bariatric Research Studies

Laparoscopic band repositioning for pouch dilatation/ slippage after gastric banding: disappointing results

Pouch dilatation with or without slippage of the band is a serious complication of gastric banding, often attributed to initial malpositioning of the band. Food intake is increased, and weight regain occurs. Progressive rotation of the band follows, leading to functional stenosis and dysphagia. Reoperation is necessary in most cases, and may consist of band removal, band change, band repositioning, or conversion to another bariatric procedure.

Method

The study consisted of chart review of all patients who underwent laparoscopic repositioning of the band for pouch dilatation/slippage, and long-term follow-up through regular office visits and phone calls.

Results

Among 272 patients who had laparoscopic gastric banding, 20 (7.3%) developed pouch dilatation and/or slippage, of whom 19 underwent reoperation. Laparoscopic band repositioning was performed in 9 patients. One of them developed an intra-abdominal collection postoperatively and required percutaneous CT-guided drainage. Recovery was uneventful in the other 8. Follow-up since reoperation varies from 13 to 42 months (mean 20 months). The result was good in 2 patients who lost further weight, satisfactory in 1 whose weight remained stable, and unsatisfactory in 6 patients. Weight loss was insufficient in 2, dilatation recurred in 2, and band infection or erosion developed each in 1 patient. 5 patients required further surgery: band removal in 3 and conversion to gastric bypass in 2.

Conclusion

Laparoscopic band repositioning is feasible and safe if pouch dilatation and/or slippage develops after gastric banding. The mid-term results are disappointing in two-thirds of the patients. In some patients, pouch dilatation could result from poor adjustment to diet restriction rather than merely from original malplacement. Conversion to gastric bypass may be a better option in these cases.


Source:
Suter M. Department of Surgery, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois, Lausanne, Switzerland. 2001

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Laparoscopic or open bariatric surgery, such as gastric banding or bypass is not an easy solution to morbid obesity and weight loss. It is a serious surgical procedure, involving health risks. To produce lasting weight loss it requires a long-term patient commitment to eating a healthy diet and following a regular program of physical exercise. Life-long use of nutritional supplements may also be necessary. So, before deciding, discuss your options fully with your doctor. © 2003-2017 Bariatric-Surgery.Info - Terms - Contact - Information - Resources