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Restrictive Weight Loss Surgery to Reduce Obesity

Procedures to restrict food intake by reducing stomach w.band/ring
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Restriction Surgery | Restrictive Surgery Benefits, Risks | Gastric Banding | Lap Band Surgical Procedure
Lap Band Diagram | Lap Band Follow-Up | Lap Band Benefits | Vertical Banded Gastroplasty
Stomach Stapling | Benefits & Risks | After Stomach Stapling | Stomach Stapling Weight Loss

Restrictive Weight Loss Surgery

Restriction operations are the most common type of bariatric weight reduction surgeries. Unlike gastric bypass procedures, restrictive surgery only "restricts" food intake, by shrinking the size of the stomach. It does not reduce nutrient-absorption or interfere with the normal digestive system, like stomach bypass operations.

Two Types of Restrictive Surgery

The two basic methods of restrictive stomach procedure are: stomach stapling (vertical banded gastroplasty) and stomach banding (adjustable gastric banding, lap band). Shrinking the stomach with staples is less flexible and less popular than stomach banding.

How Restrictive Surgery Works

Gastric Stapling
In stomach stapling (eg. vertical banded gastroplasty), the first part of the stomach, below the esophagus, is stapled vertically for about 2-3 inches to create a smaller upper-stomach pouch. The outlet from the pouch, leading to the lower half of the stomach, is restricted by a silicone band that slows down the passage of the food and thus creates a feeling of satiety, and greatly reduces calorie-intake at mealtimes.

Gastric Banding
In stomach banding (eg. lap band), no stapling is used to shrink the stomach. Instead, stomach-size is reduced by the use of a silicone band (or gastric ring) which is placed around the upper end of the stomach to create the small pouch. The effects on satiety and calorie-consumption are similar to the stapling method. This bariatric surgical method is not permanent, and the band can be adjusted whenever required.

See also:
Restrictive Surgeries: Benefits and Risks
Restrictive Surgery Compared to Malabsorptive

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Laparoscopic or open bariatric surgery, such as gastric banding or bypass is not an easy solution to morbid obesity and weight loss. It is a serious surgical procedure, involving health risks. To produce lasting weight loss it requires a long-term patient commitment to eating a healthy diet and following a regular program of physical exercise. Life-long use of nutritional supplements may also be necessary. So, before deciding, discuss your options fully with your doctor. © 2003-2017 Bariatric-Surgery.Info - Terms - Contact - Information - Resources