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Psychosocial Outcomes of Gastric Bypass Surgery

Psychosocial Adjustment

Obesity Surgery Information - Research Into Obesity Surgery

Perceived Psychosocial Outcomes of Gastric Bypass Surgery

Attempts to understand postoperative psychosocial changes in the lives of individuals who have undergone gastric bypass surgery for morbid obesity have 1) been guided by constructs emanating from the assumptions of researchers, and 2) have resulted in fragmented conclusions that catalogue changes without theoretically integrating them.

Method

Using unstructured and semi-structured interviews and in-depth focus groups, 31 patients were asked in an open-ended fashion about the ways, if any, in which gastric bypass surgery had affected their lives. Grounded theory methodology was utilized in order to identify emergent themes and their interrelations, and build a meaningful, comprehensive theory of life after gastric bypass.

Results

Patients' report of a rebirth/transformation was identified as the core process of the theory. The changes marking this process were clearly conceptualized in dichotomous terms comparing pre to postsurgical life. Patients reported changes that they regarded as unequivocally positive, a number of which had not been previously reported in the literature. Unique to this particular study was the finding of numerous life changes that generated tension and posed challenges in various aspects of patients' lives.

Conclusion

The grounded theory proposes that the extent to which patients successfully negotiate tension-generating changes may be a major determinant in the long-term outcome of gastric bypass, both weight loss and psychosocial adjustment.

Source:
Bocchieri LE, Meana M, Fisher BL. Department of Psychology, University of Nevada, Las Vegas 89154-5030, USA.

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Laparoscopic or open bariatric surgery, such as gastric banding or bypass is not an easy solution to morbid obesity and weight loss. It is a serious surgical procedure, involving health risks. To produce lasting weight loss it requires a long-term patient commitment to eating a healthy diet and following a regular program of physical exercise. Life-long use of nutritional supplements may also be necessary. So, before deciding, discuss your options fully with your doctor. © 2003-2017 Bariatric-Surgery.Info - Terms - Contact - Information - Resources