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Post-Operative Complications of Laparoscopic Gastric Banding

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Post-Operative Complications of Laparoscopic Gastric Banding

The authors investigated the postoperative management of morbidly obese patients treated by laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) with the Lap-Band System.

Method

The 3-year postoperative band management is presented in 379 morbidly obese patients, divided according to intra-operative band filling and quartiles of maximum postoperative band filling.

Results

LAGB resulted in a 40.8 +/- 24.5 percent excess weight loss (%EWL). Stoma stenosis occurred in 87 patients (23.0%), pouch dilatation in 52 (13.7%) and esophageal dilatation in 22 (5.8%). Most band-related complications were controlled by simple band deflation. The mean number of postoperative band adjustments was 2.3 +/- 1.7, and mean maximum band filling after surgery was 2.8 +/- 1.2 ml. Weight loss at 3 years was identical in 205 patients who had the band completely unfilled at surgery and in 174 patients who had the band filled with 1 to 3 ml of sterile saline. The rate of band-related complications was significantly lower in the first group. No differences in %EWL were observed between quartiles of maximum band filling after surgery. The rate of band-related complications increased with increasing levels of postoperative maximum band filling. In patients with the band filled with < 3.0 ml of sterile saline at 6 months, the inflation of further saline produced a dose-related increase in the rate of weight loss. In patients with the band filled with > 3.0 ml of sterile saline at 6 months, the inflation of further saline was associated with a reduced %EWL.

Conclusion

Postoperative adjustability of the Lap-Band was useful in the treatment of band-related complications and was able to significantly influence the rate of weight loss. On the other hand, aggressive postoperative band filling was associated with an increased rate of complications.

Source:
Busetto L, Segato G, De Marchi F, Foletto M, De Luca M, Favretti F, Enzi G. Obesity Unit, Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Padova, Padova, Italy.

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Laparoscopic or open bariatric surgery, such as gastric banding or bypass is not an easy solution to morbid obesity and weight loss. It is a serious surgical procedure, involving health risks. To produce lasting weight loss it requires a long-term patient commitment to eating a healthy diet and following a regular program of physical exercise. Life-long use of nutritional supplements may also be necessary. So, before deciding, discuss your options fully with your doctor. © 2003-2017 Bariatric-Surgery.Info - Terms - Contact - Information - Resources