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Laparoscopic Roux-En-Y Gastric Bypass After Failed Banding Operation
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Laparoscopic Roux-En-Y Gastric Bypass, But Not Rebanding, Should Be Proposed As Rescue Procedure For Patients With Failed Laparoscopic Gastric Banding
To define whether laparoscopic rebanding or Roux-en-Y gastric bypass represents the best approach for failed laparoscopic gastric banding in patients with morbid obesity. Countless laparoscopic gastric bandings have been implanted during the recent years worldwide. Despite excellent short-term results, long-term failures and complications have been reported in more than 20% of patients. Which rescue procedures should be used remains controversial. Therefore, we analyzed our experience with the use of laparoscopic rebanding versus laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass after failed gastric banding.
Using a prospectively collected database, we analyzed the feasibility, safety, and effectiveness of laparoscopic rebanding versus laparoscopic conversion to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass after failed laparoscopic gastric banding.
A total of 62 consecutive patients were treated in our institution between May 1995 and December 2002 for failed primary laparoscopic gastric banding, including 30 laparoscopic rebandings and 32 laparoscopic conversions to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. Rebandings were preferably done during the initial period of the study and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass in the last period. Both groups were comparable before the initial banding procedures. At the time of redo surgery, patients receiving a gastric bypass had more esophageal dysmotility (47% vs. 7%) and higher body mass index (BMI) than those elected for rebanding procedures (BMI 42.0 vs. 38.4 kg/m2). Feasibility and safety: Each procedure was performed laparoscopically. Mean operating time was 215 minutes for gastric bypass and 173 minutes for rebanding (P = 0.03). Early complications occurred in one case in the rebanding group and in 2 cases in the bypass group; all underwent a laparoscopic reexploration without the need for open surgery. There was no mortality in this series. Effectiveness: BMI in the gastric bypass group decreased from 42.0 to 31.8 kg/m2 within 1 year of surgery, while it remained unchanged in the rebanding group.
Laparoscopic conversion to a gastric bypass as well as laparoscopic rebanding are feasible and safe. Conversion to gastric bypass offers a significant advantage in terms of further weight loss after surgery. Therefore, this procedure should be considered as the rescue therapy of choice after a failed laparoscopic gastric banding.
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Laparoscopic or open bariatric surgery, such as gastric banding or bypass is not an easy solution to morbid obesity and weight loss. It is a serious surgical procedure, involving health risks. To produce lasting weight loss it requires a long-term patient commitment to eating a healthy diet and following a regular program of physical exercise. Life-long use of nutritional supplements may also be necessary. So, before deciding, discuss your options fully with your doctor. © 2003-2017 Bariatric-Surgery.Info - Terms - Contact - Information - Resources