Bariatric Surgery Information
Effects of Obesity Surgery on Diabetes

How Weight Loss Surgery
Benefits Diabetes

Guide to Weight Loss Surgery - Research Into Gastric Reduction Surgery

Study Into Effects of Obesity Surgery on Non–Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus

Most individuals who have non–insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus are obese. Results of medical weight loss diets, medications, and behavior therapy have proved disappointing.

Evidence suggests that bariatric surgery is the most effective method of diabetes management and cure in the morbidly obese population. Surgical procedures to cause malabsorption provide a more dramatic effect on diabetes owing to the imparted bypass of the hormonally active foregut.

Method

Pertinent journal articles spanning the last 40 years, as well as textbooks.

Conclusions

Bariatric surgical procedures have proven a much more successful method of weight loss and diabetes control in the obese population than conservative methods. These surgical procedures have proven safe with reported mortality rates of 0% to 1.5%. Bariatric operations may be divided based on the method of weight loss and effect on diabetes. The first category is restrictive and includes vertical banded gastroplasty and adjustable silicone gastric banding. These operations improve diabetes by decreasing food intake and body weight with a slowing of gastric emptying. The second category not only contains restrictive components but also elements of malabsorption. This category includes the Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and biliary-pancreatic diversion, which bypass the foregut. Although all of the surgical procedures for obesity offer improved weight loss and diabetes control compared with conservative methods, the Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and biliary-pancreatic diversion offer superior weight loss and resolution of diabetes. The more dramatic effect seen in the surgical procedures to cause malabsorption is likely secondary to the bypass of the foregut resulting in increased weight loss and elevation of the enteroglucagon level.

Source:
From the Department of Surgery, Harbor–University of California, Los Angeles Medical Center, Torrance (Drs S. E. Greenway and Klein); and the Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, La (Dr F. L. Greenway).
Archives of Surgery. 2002;137:1109-1117.

Bariatric Surgery

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BARIATRIC & GASTRIC SURGERY INFORMATION

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Laparoscopic or open bariatric surgery, such as gastric banding or bypass is not an easy solution to morbid obesity and weight loss. It is a serious surgical procedure, involving health risks. To produce lasting weight loss it requires a long-term patient commitment to eating a healthy diet and following a regular program of physical exercise. Life-long use of nutritional supplements may also be necessary. So, before deciding, discuss your options fully with your doctor. © 2003-2017 Bariatric-Surgery.Info - Terms - Contact - Information - Resources