|Bariatric Surgery Information
Apronectomy, Liposuction: Fat Reduction Benefits on Metabolism
Abdominal Fat Removal Benefits for Metabolism
Neither Apronectomy Nor Liposuction Have Beneficial Effects on Metabolism By Reducing Abdominal Fat
The intra-abdominal visceral deposition of adipose tissue, which characterises upper body obesity, is a major contributor to the development of hypertension, glucose intolerance and hyperlipidaemia. Conversely, individuals with lower body obesity may have comparable amounts of adipose tissue but remain relatively free from the metabolic consequences of obesity.
Weight Reducing Treatments
This raises an obvious question-are there particular weight reducing treatments which specifically target intra-abdominal fat? In theory, surgical removal of upper body fat should be effective. In reality, neither liposuction nor apronectomy ('tummy tuck') have any beneficial metabolic effects, they simply remove subcutaneous adipose tissue which is often rapidly replaced. Vertical banded gastroplasty and gastric bypass operations may be dramatically effective in improving blood pressure, insulin sensitivity and glucose tolerance. However, these benefits result from a parallel reduction in visceral and total body fat. Studies of body fat distribution in postmenopausal women confirm that the marked decrease in adiposity, following a programme of very low calorie diet and exercise, reflects a comparable reduction in visceral and thigh fat. The reduction in waist circumference after a low fat/exercise programme suggests a similar situation in men.
Exercise and Metabolism
Exercise has an important role in treatment but, once again, the fat loss is generalised. Nevertheless, the improved metabolic parameters seen in exercising obese subjects, independent of weight loss, suggest other beneficial actions. Growth hormone (GH) has a marked lipolytic action. GH replacement treatment for GH deficient adults with pronounced abdominal fat deposition, has been shown to reduce intra-abdominal fat by 47% compared to 27% decrease in abdominal subcutaneous fat.
Similar beneficial actions on abdominal fat have been reported following treatment with testosterone in obese men. The potential hazards of such treatments make them unsuitable therapy for obesity. Dexfenfluramine is effective in reducing total body fat but the results from a six month randomised controlled trial indicates that it does not specifically influence changes in waist circumference associated with weight loss.
No Fat Reduction Treatments Effective
In conclusion, any treatment which reduces total body fat will, by its nature, reduce intra-abdominal visceral fat. There are presently no specific treatments which can be recommended for intra-abdominal fat but increasing knowledge of the biochemical aberrations associated with visceral adiposity may lead to more specific therapies for the future.
Asymptomatic Liver Disease Gastric Bypass - Gastric Bypass Surgery Bone Mass - Bypass Surgery Cures Diabetes - Calorie Intake Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass Surgery - Duodenal Switch Bypass - Eating Disorders After Bypass - How Effective is Gastric Bypass - Gastric Bypass Revision - Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass Issues - Risks of Gastric Bypass - Predictors Complications Gastric Bypass - Vertical Banded Operation Decline - Silastic Ring Vertical Banded Gastroplasty - Hyperhomocysteinemia Gastroplasty - Nerve Damage Stomach Stapling - Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Banding Quality Life - Long-Term Results Gastric Banding - Topiramate Gastric Banding - Pouch Dilatation Gastric Banding - New Techniques Bariatric Surgery - Newer Bariatric Surgical Techniques - Extreme Obesity Gastric Bypass - Laparoscopic Gastric Banding Day Surgery - Laparoscopy Gastric Banding Problems - Laparoscopic Distal Gastric Preservation - Laparoscopic Gastrectomy - Laparoscopic Gastric Banding - Laparoscopic Gastric Banding Older Patients - Laparoscopic Mini Gastric Bypass - Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y Gastric Outcomes - Laparoscopic Roux-En-Y Safety - Laparoscopic Weight Loss Surgery - Complications Laparoscopic Surgery - Ketorolac Anaesthesia Bariatric Surgery - Health Improvements Bariatric Surgery - Complications Weight Loss Surgery - Benefits Bariatric Surgery - Benefits Weight Loss Surgery - Bypass Surgery Diabetes - Gastric Banding Cardiovascular - Effects Bypass Surgery Diabetes - Endoscopic Intraluminal Sutures - Infections Abdominal Surgery - Endothelial Function Inflammation - Macrophage Inhibitory Factor Levels - Bariatric Surgery Musculoskeletal Complaints - Obesity Surgery Metabolic Syndrome - Bariatric Surgery Metabolic Syndrome - Pre-Operative Bacterial Treatment - Helicobacter Pylori Weight Loss Surgery - Vertical Banded Gastroplasty Roux-en-Y - Nutrient Deficiencies Bariatric Surgery - Folate Deficiency Gastric Bypass Surgery - Iron Deficiency Gastric Bypass - Vitamin B12 Gastric Bypass Surgery - Nutritional Status Vertical Banded Gastroplasty - Nutritional Consequences Gastric Restrictive Surgery - International Bariatric Surgery Registry - Attitudes Bariatric Surgeons - Cost-Effectiveness Gastric Bypass - Weight Loss Surgery UK - Weight Loss Surgery Wisconsin - Medicare Weight Loss Surgery - Childbearing Weight Loss Surgery - Bariatric Surgery Severely Overweight Adolescents - Bariatric Surgery Older Patients - Bariatric Surgery Mortality - Weight Loss Surgery Effects - Office-Based Surgery - Gastric Banding Ghrelint - Ghrelin Levels Gastric Bypass - Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass Ghrelin - Group Therapy Gastric Bypass - Obesity Surgery Weight Reduction - Bariatric Surgery Adolescents - Peripheral Neuropathy Bariatric Surgery - Personality Weight Loss Surgery - Pre-Surgery Bariatric Surgery - Pre-Operative Intragastric Balloon - Pre-Operative Psychological Testing Bariatric Operation - Psychosocial Variables Weight Loss Surgery - Radiological Gastroenteric Studies - Regulation Obesity Surgery - Tummy Tuck Men - Body Contouring Surgeries After Weight Loss - Total Body Lift Weight Loss - Apronectomy Liposuction Metabolism - Brachioplasty Arm - Panniculectomy Obesity Surgery - Panniculectomy Results - Large Volume Liposuction - Large Volume Ultrasound Liposuction - Lipoplasty Abdominoplasty - Liposuction Surgery Visceral Fat - Liposuction Diabetes Prevention - Is Liposuction Safe - Articaine Hydrochloride Liposuction - Tumescent Liposuction - Ultrasound-Assisted Liposuction - Circumferential Para-Axillary Superficial Tumescent (CAST) Lipoplasty
BARIATRIC & GASTRIC SURGERY INFORMATION
What Is Weight Loss Surgery | Gastric Surgery - How to Qualify | Types Of Weight Loss Surgery | How Bariatric Surgery Works | Laparoscopy | How Effective Is Surgery | Success Rates | Health Benefits | Complications | Weight Loss Surgery Costs | Find Weight Loss Surgeon | Support Groups | Malabsorption | Gastric Bypass | Biliopancreatic Diversion Bypass | Biliopancreatic Details | Biliopancreatic Benefits/ Biliopancreatic Risks | Duodenal Switch Bypass | Duodenal Switch Details | Duodenal Switch Benefits/ Duodenal Switch Risks | Roux-en-Y Bypass Laparoscopic | Roux-en-Y Bypass Open Surgery | Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass Benefits/ Gastric Bypass Risks | Roux-en-Y Details | Fobi Pouch Gastric Bypass | Fobi Pouch Benefits/ Fobi Pouch Risks | Dumping Syndrome | How Dumping Occurs | Bypass Health Dangers | Diet After Gastric Bypass | Restrictive Procedures | Gastric Banding | Adjustable Gastric Banding | Lap Band Procedure | Lap Band Details | Lap Band Risks & Benefits | Silastic Gastric Ring Surgery | Gastroplasty | Vertical Banded Gastroplasty | Gastric Surgery | Gastric Stapling | Stomach Stapling | Benefits of Gastric Stapling | Obesity Condition | Obesity Mortality Rate | Obesity Health Risks | Obesity Surgical Treatment | Surgery For Morbid Obesity | Weight-Related Health Risks | Obesity Surgery Research | Bariatric Studies | Gastric Reduction Articles | Weight Loss Surgery Statistics | Stomach Bypass | Stomach Banding | Stomach Gastroplasty | Laparoscopy | Weight Loss Surgery Health Complications | Nutrition after Bypass | Weight Loss Surgery Psychosocial Factors | Gastric Reduction Surgery | Weight Loss Surgery Clinics | Plastic Surgery | Plastic Surgery After Weight Loss | Tummy Tuck/Abdominoplasty | Dermolipectomy | Body Lift | Gynecomastia Enlarged Male Breast | Panniculectomy | Thigh Lift | Cost of Plastic Surgery | Plastic Surgery Information | Cosmetic Surgery | Lipoplasty | Liposuction Types | Health Risks of Liposuction | Tumescent Method | Liposuction Butt | Liposuction Inner Thighs | Liposuction Front Thighs | Cost of Liposuction | Information About Lipoplasty
Laparoscopic or open bariatric surgery, such as gastric banding or bypass is not an easy solution to morbid obesity and weight loss. It is a serious surgical procedure, involving health risks. To produce lasting weight loss it requires a long-term patient commitment to eating a healthy diet and following a regular program of physical exercise. Life-long use of nutritional supplements may also be necessary. So, before deciding, discuss your options fully with your doctor. © 2003-2018 Bariatric-Surgery.Info - Terms - Contact - Information - Resources